The Colombian Amazon region, also known as the Colombian Amazonia or the Colombian Amazonas, is a vast area of the Amazon rainforest located in the southern part of Colombia. It covers approximately 403,000 square kilometers (156,000 square miles) and represents about a third of Colombia's total territory. The region is predominantly covered by dense tropical rainforests, rivers, wetlands, and diverse ecosystems.
The Colombian Amazon is known for its exceptional biodiversity and is considered one of the world's most biologically diverse regions. It is home to numerous species of plants, animals, and birds, including unique and endangered species such as pink dolphins, jaguars, giant river otters, and various species of monkeys.
Indigenous communities have inhabited the Colombian Amazon for thousands of years, and they play a vital role in preserving the region's cultural heritage and environmental sustainability. There are several indigenous groups living in the area, such as the Tikuna, Yucuna, Huitoto, Cubeo, and Tucano, among others. These communities have a deep connection with the land, relying on traditional practices for sustenance and preserving their cultural traditions.
The Colombian government has implemented various initiatives to protect the Amazon region and promote sustainable development. It has established national parks, nature reserves, and protected areas to conserve the rich biodiversity and ecosystems. Additionally, there are ongoing efforts to support indigenous communities' rights and empower them to participate in decision-making processes regarding land use and conservation.
However, like other parts of the Amazon rainforest, the Colombian Amazon region faces numerous challenges and threats. Illegal activities such as deforestation, illegal mining, and drug trafficking pose significant risks to the environment and indigenous communities. There are ongoing efforts by both governmental and non-governmental organizations to address these challenges and promote sustainable practices in the region.
Tourism in the Colombian Amazon has been growing in recent years, with visitors attracted to its natural beauty, wildlife, and cultural experiences. Ecotourism initiatives aim to provide sustainable economic opportunities for local communities while raising awareness about the importance of conservation.
Overall, the Colombian Amazon region is a remarkable and vital part of Colombia's natural and cultural heritage. Its preservation and sustainable development are crucial for the well-being of its inhabitants and the conservation of the planet's biodiversity.
December and January waters rising, March, April and May with much more water. In June and July the water starts to drop, dry season August, September with peak dryness in October. November still a little dry.
In the dry season it is quite hot and certain activities like kayaking and visiting dolphins in Lake Tarapota are not possible.